Egg donor IVF is a fertility treatment option for those who can’t use their own eggs, for whatever reason.
Especially when using a screened egg donor (as opposed to a family member or friend), the success rates for egg donor IVF are good—higher than the average IVF success rates for couples not using a donor.
While egg donor IVF means the intended mother will not be genetically related to her child, the intended father will be. (Unless a sperm donor is also being used.) This makes it more attractive of an idea than embryo donor IVF. With an embryo donor, neither intended parent would be genetically related to the child.
Gay male couples interested in family building with IVF will also require an egg donor. In this case, one of the intended fathers will be genetically related to the child. (Assuming they don’t use a sperm donor.) A surrogate would be required to carry the pregnancy and give birth to the child.
Who Needs Egg Donor IVF to Get Pregnant?
In conventional IVF treatment, the woman takes fertility drugs to stimulate egg production in her ovaries. Once the eggs reach maturity, they are retrieved via an ultrasound-guided needle.
The retrieved eggs are placed in a petri dish with sperm cells, and hopefully, some eggs are fertilized. The resulting embryos can then either be transferred to the mother’s uterus (or a surrogate’s uterus) or frozen for a later cycle.
But what if the intended mother’s ovaries aren’t producing enough eggs for regular IVF? Or what if the intended mother’s ovaries are completely absent? What if a gay male couple wants to have a child?
Egg donor IVF may be required or recommended in any the following situations:
- Post-cancer treatment (if the ovaries or eggs were damaged or removed)
- Woman born without her ovaries due to a congenital anomaly
- Repeated canceled IVF treatment due to poor or low ovarian response
- Unexplained repeated IVF failure
- Low ovarian reserves (indicated by very high FSH levels or a low antral follicle count)
- Primary ovarian insufficiency (also known as premature ovarian failure)
- Age related infertility (most often for women age 40 or older)
- Genetic disease risk on female partner’s side
- Gay male couple having a child with a surrogate
- A single male with a surrogate
How successful is IVF with donor eggs?
Women under 35 using their own eggs for IVF have about a 40% chance of having a baby, but for women over 42 that chance drops to 4.5%. However, using donor eggs changes the picture entirely: the chances of having a baby through IVF increases to 49.6% when fresh donor eggs are used, for women of any childbearing age.
What is the process of IVF with egg donor?
The procedure typically involves a doctor removing an egg or eggs from the donor, fertilizing them in a laboratory, and then transferring the resulting embryos into the recipient’s uterus. Doctors do this using an implantation procedure, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF)
Is Embryo Adoption successful?
On average, the pregnancy success rate for embryo adoption is 40%. This statistic varies by program and clinic. On average this success rate is higher than standard IVF which is currently averaging a 35% success rate. A common concern with embryo donation and adoption is about the quality of embryos.
What is the success rate of embryo donation?
The average pregnancy success rate using embryo donation is 40%. Like many statistics, this will vary by program and fertility clinic. This number is slightly higher than standard IVF implantation success rates, generally because the donated or adopted embryos have undergone preimplantation genetic testing.