Shoulder arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera called an arthroscope to examine or repair the tissues inside or around shoulder joint. The arthroscope is inserted through a small incision (cut) in skin.
DescriptionThe rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that cover shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons hold arm in ball and socket shoulder joint, and they help moveing shoulder in different directions. The tendons in the rotator cuff can tear when they are overused or injured.
Most people receive general anesthesia before this surgery. arm and shoulder area will be numbed so that patient do not feel any pain in this area.
Why the Procedure is Performed Arthroscopy may be recommended for these shoulder problems:
A torn or damaged cartilage ring (labrum) or ligaments
Shoulder instability, where the shoulder joint is loose and slides around too much or becomes dislocated (slips out of the ball and socket joint)
- A torn or damaged biceps tendon
- A torn rotator cuff
- A bone spur or inflammation around the rotator cuff
- Inflammation or damaged lining of the joint. Often this is caused by an illness, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Arthritis of the end of the clavicle (collarbone)
- Loose tissue need to be removed
- Shoulder impingement syndrome, to make more room for the shoulder to move around .